Pineapple Guava (Acca sellowiana) is a species of flowering plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. It is native to the highlands of southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Uruguay, northern Argentina, and Colombia. Also known by its older botanical name Feijoa sellowiana.
In the Garden
A versatile, easy to grow landscape addition that evokes either a Mediterranean or tropical character in gardens. Fleshy white flower petals have showy red accents, contrasting nicely with the gray green foliage. The coloring of its foliage also complements western natives that have very pale, gray or hairy foliage. Can be planted as a background or specimen for the flowers. In warm climates use as a fruit tree in orchards.
- Moderate grower to 10 to 15 ft. tall and wide.
- Flowers start to bloom in early Summer (from April to May), followed in late summer or fall by sweet, fragrant, reddish fruit that drops to the ground when ripe. Both of its flowers and fruits are edible.
- This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds.
Caring & Growing
Pineapple guava are easily grown in a variety of soil types. It does well with minimal pruning and care and typically won’t require much irrigation beyond normal rainfall. It has no major pest or disease problems.
Grow pineapple guavas in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 8 to 11 for the most successful landscaping experience. It withstands winter temperatures as low as 12 degrees Fahrenheit
Pineapple Guava performs well in full sun or partial shade.
It’s adaptable to a wide range of soils, but prefers a rich, organic, well-drained soil with an acid or slightly alkaline pH. When the pH is too high, the leaves turn yellow.
While it is considered a drought tolerant plant, newly planted and young trees need regular watering in the absence of rain. Follow a weekly watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. As the tree matures, its drought tolerance increases and needs only occasional watering.
Gardeners who want to enjoy fruit need to water plant regularly regardless if it is established or not. Keep a consistently moist soil and do not let dry out between watering. Adequate water is essential for good fruit production.
Pineapple guava needs light fertilization every other month in most soils. Feed with a general purpose (8-8-8) fertilizer before new growth begins in spring, scratch it into the surface of the soil and water deeply to distribute the fertilizer.
The tree is very easy to care for and requires very little pruning. For a tidy, neat appearance, shear annually to shape.