Verbena is a genus in the family Verbenaceae. It contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants. The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Europe. Some species, hybrids and cultivars of verbena are used as ornamental plants.
The hybrid Verbena x hybrida, commonly called garden verbena, with its many cultivars is widely popular in the garden. It is a short-lived perennial that is noted for its profuse bloom of small five-petaled flowers in rounded clusters (to 3″ wide) from late spring to fall on plants ranging in size from mat-forming/trailing (to 10″ tall) to bushy/upright.
Tuscany series has a compact, mounding habit. The bold rose with white center flowers of Tuscany series make it both unique and very striking. Verbena are a long blooming annual. Tuscany verbena blooms in an array of colors, from white to burgundy to rose and even shades of peach.
Verbena in this series were bred to be uniform and early to flower, and while they should perform well nationwide, the early blooming makes them especially suitable for Southern regions where the spring selling season begins before the start of long days.
Like most verbenas, Aztec series is drought tolerant and resilient to summer heat and humidity but will perform well in cooler temperatures too. It prefers full sun and moderately fertile, amply drained soil. It is great for containers, hanging baskets, edging, and borders. They are heavy-blooming, densely-branched and have feathery, medium green foliage that is mildew-resistant.
Verbena “Quartz XP”
The Quartz XP series is a selection of Quartz genetics that combine into a more well-matched series that benefits both grower and gardener alike. It includes the core, top-selling varieties that have been selected for consistent early flowering and a tight 6-7 day blooming window, which is up to a week earlier than the original Quartz varieties. Plants also branch earlier and have shorter internodes, translating to a bushier habit that supports the large, colorful flowers.
The Obsession Series of verbena are trailing, vigorous, tender perennials that also make excellent annuals in colder regions. They are heavily-branched plants with dainty, lobed leaves. From late spring through fall, they bear rounded clusters of flowers in shades of pink, purple, red, blue, or white, often with contrasting white eyes. Obsession Series verbenas prefer sun and well-drained, moist, moderately fertile soil, but will tolerate dry conditions. They are great for planters, hanging baskets, edging, and borders.
This hardy landscape verbena is hardy to the low teens and reblooms in Spring. EnduraScape revs up the color with seven high-octane varieties. Superior branching: finished product has full habit with high bloom count in gallon containers. Excellent powdery mildew resistance.
Verbena “Homestead Purple”
Homestead Purple is listed as a cultivar of Verbena canadensis, which grows wild throughout the southeast, including all of Arkansas, and ranges as far north as Zone 5 in Iowa. The species is a perennial, but a temperamental one that is very particular about its exposure and drainage, especially during the winter.
Providing excellent colorful dense groundcover for foreground plant, this rampant perennial grows to 3-feet wide and a foot tall and is topped with a mass of bright purple blooms that start in the spring and continue until frost. Large, fragrant flower clusters top ground hugging stems with attractive toothed foliage.
Since its introduction in the early 1990s, Homestead Purple has sparked widespread interest in all things verbena and has spurred the introduction of over 40 new hardy types.
In the Garden
It can be grown easily as a ground cover among other taller plants or in a rock garden; or it can be used to add color to a lawn or garden through much of the summer.
- Long blooming season, from Spring to late Fall.
- Showy flowers in clusters at the end of each stem and branch
Caring & Growing
USDA Hardiness Zone: 5 – 9. Plants may decline in summer periods of prolonged hot and dry conditions.
Verbenas should be grown where they will receive full sun for a minimum of 8-10 hours each day except in the hottest summer regions, where they will appreciate some shading in the afternoon.
The main soil requirement is for excellent drainage. Verbenas will not survive extended periods of soggy soil.
Verbenas are tolerant of poor soil, but they will grow and flower best if you mix in compost, peat moss or other organic material to the planting hole before setting in your new plant.
Water regularly and thoroughly until your Verbenas are well established. While the verbena flower is drought resistant, the blooms are improved with regular watering of an inch or so each week. Water verbena plants at the base to avoid wetting the foliage.
A limited application of complete, slow-release fertilizer should be applied in spring and again following the occasional trims needed for optimum bloom.
Young plants may be pinched to promote bushier growth. Deadhead spent flowers to encourage additional bloom.